Structures in Building a Pond
Building a pond makes attractive additions to the backyard or landscape. The structure of the pond is built depending on several factors, including the water source, the characteristics of the watersheds or drainage and the size of your proposed pond. So read it carefully, to determine the proper pond for you to consider.
Excavated structures work best for small ponds less than half an acre in size. The pond may need an external source of water if it does not have springs, streams, groundwater or a turning point to draw water from the pond. Pond basins, also known as fill ponds, get most of their water from a drainage area located near the pond. The structure of the pond includes a dam or dike that helps to collect the water used in the pond. Embankment ponds work well in areas with rugged topography.
Dike ponds use the excavated earth from the pond to build sides, or dikes, that help keep the water in the pond. This type of pond relies on outlet pipes and dams to maintain a constant depth of water in the pond. Since dike ponds do not use watersheds, you also need an external source of water to carry water into the pond. Dike ponds work best on flat land.